Fasting in Islam

Table of Contents

    • Chapter One: Fasting Through the Ages
      • THE ISLAMIC FAST
    • Chapter Two: Health, Diet and Fasting
      • FOOD AND SPIRITUALITY
      • VARIETIES OF FOOD
      • TRADITIONAL PATTERNS OF EATING
      • THE ETIQUETTE (adab) OF EATING AND DRINKING
      • FASTING AS A CURE
    • Chapter Three: The Qur’an on Fasting
      • THE MEANING OF RAMADAN
      • REVELATION OF THE QUR’AN
      • FASTING AS A MEANS OF GLORIFYING AND THANKING ALLAH
      • THE START OF FASTING
      • BREAKING THE FAST
      • RETREAT
      • FASTING AS AN EXPIATION
    • Chapter Four: Selected Traditions on Fasting
      • PART I
        • A – The Reason, Benefit and Virtues of Fasting
        • B – The Prophet’s Injunction Concerning Ramadan
        • C – The Intention to Fast
        • D – Fasting the Day of Doubt
        • E – Beginning and Ending the Fast of Ramadan
        • F – Worship during Ramadan
        • G – Divine Revelation during Ramadan
        • H - Ramadan – One of the Names of Allah
        • I – Making up the Fast
        • J – Retreat (i`tikaf) in the Mosque during Ramadan
        • K – The Eid Festival after Ramadan
      • PART II – CONDITIONS GOVERNING THE FAST
        • L – Actions that break the Fast
        • M – Further Conditions to be Observed when Fasting
      • PART III
        • N – The Inner Conditions of Fasting
        • O – Fasting while Travelling or Unwell
        • P – When to Resume Fasting after Illness
        • Q – Inability to Fast
        • R – Losing Consciousness for One Day or More
        • S – Menstruation and Fasting
        • T – Age of Obligation for Fasting
        • U – Voluntary Fasting
        • V – Continuous Fasting (sawm al-dahr)
        • W – Recommended Fasts
    • Chapter Five: The Rules of Fasting According to Ja`fari Law
      • A. Conditions for Fulfilling the Obligation to Fast
      • B. The Intention (Niyyah) to Fast
      • C. Supererogatory, Reprehensible and Forbidden Fasts
      • D. Actions which Invalidate the Fast
      • E. Confirming the New Moon of the Month of Ramadan
      • F. Recommended (mustahabb) Fasts
      • G. Recommended (mustahabb) Actions for those Fasting
      • H. Actions which are Permissible for those Fasting
      • I. Actions that are Reprehensible (makruh) for those Fasting
      • J. I`tikaf (Retreat, Temporary Residence in a Mosque)
      • K. Alms Given at the Conclusion of Ramadan
      • L. The Eid Prayer
    • Chapter Six: The Rules of Fasting According to Sunni Schools of Law
      • A – Conditions of the Obligation
      • B – Conditions that break the Fast
      • C – Removal of the Cause for Breaking the Fast
      • D – Unconsciousness and Intoxication
      • E – Intentionally Breaking the Fast
      • F – Actions which Necessitate Making up the Fast of Ramadan
      • G – The Fast of Expiation
      • H – When Fasting is Not Permissible
      • I – The Day of Doubt
      • J – Recommended Fasts
      • K – Undesirable Days for Fasting
      • L – Sighting the New Moon
      • M – Travelling and the Prayer
      • N – The Eid al-Fitr Prayer
      • O – Alms
    • Chapter Seven: Supplication and Worship During Ramadan
      • PRAYER
    • Chapter Eight: The Night of Determination (Laylat al-Qadar)
      • TRADITIONS CONCERNING ‘THE NIGHT OF DETERMINATION’
    • Chapter Nine: The Inner Meaning of Fasting
      • The Outer Abstentions of Fasting
      • The Inner Abstentions of Fasting
    • Appendix I to Chapter Five
      • The Prayer of the Traveler
      • Conditions for Abbreviating the Prayer
      • Conditions which Break the Journey
    • Appendix II to Chapter Six
      • Conditions for Shortening the Prayer

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