Commentaries on Selected Verses (Part 6 of 6)

Commentaries on Selected Verses (Part 6 of 6)
Shaykh Fadhlalla Haeri

Please see the description of part 1 of this series of talks for details.

In all parts, he covers all the teachings that have been presented in the ASK lessons in module 1 (course 1), entirely from the source, so those who are muslims, those who believe in the Qur'an and in the revealed knowledges can see that it is founded on the Book. This is module 2. To get the whole picture you have to listen to all the 6 talks.

Further elucidation is provided below:

In this talk Shaykh Fadhlalla talks about vices and virtues, and explains some terms such as itminan, raza, tazkiya, ajal, taqwa, to name a few.

He says itminan means that you are certain that even if you don't know now, you will come to know. You have reliance on Allah and the highest expectation of Allah that He will guide you according to your ability to take that guidance.

Raza is contentment; you see the perfection in what has happened.

Ajal is being overwhelmed by getting the thing in time. Don't rush about. Time is infinite, but you have to be in the moment.

Taqwa is conscious awareness, being aware that we may make a mistake, that any minute we may leave this world, being in taqwa helps to be in the moment.

Virtues are the reflections of Allah's attributes.

An attribute taken to an extreme becomes a vice. For example, courage is a virtue but taken to an extreme becomes cowardice on one end and foolhardiness/recklessness on the other.

He also talks about sicknesses of the heart, such as being preoccupied with pleasure, being distracted or remaining ignorant. He says we must treat the sicknesses of the heart and give it nourishment because the whole thing is to do with the wellness of the heart, qalbun saleem.

Then he explains some opposites. For example, zahir and batin, the apparent and the subtle. He says we are both, we have a zahir, which is the so-called person with different roles and a batin, which is a ruh.

(42:11)