Commentary on Selected Verses of Surah `Ankabut

Commentary on Selected Verses of Surah `Ankabut
Shaykh Fadhlalla Haeri

Surah `Ankabut is one of a dozen or so Surahs of the Qur'an that straddle the periods of Mecca and Medina in terms of the timing of their revelation. Historically this was an extremely difficult and tumultuous time for the muslims – these ayahs cover these aspects.

Key elements are to do with Trial and Afflictions; The varying degrees of Iman; Jihad (Striving); Patience and ultimately Trust and Reliance upon Allah - it is from this aspect that the surah gets its name – we are reminded in a metaphor that relying on other than Allah is like the spiders web in its flimsiness.

Particular emphasis is placed on the necessity of understanding root words in terms of meaning.

The word munafiqun, for example, is translated into English as meaning hypocrites, implying people who wilfully know they are not doing what is in their heart.

In Arabic, the meaning of munafiqun is not the same, as it implies those who have the best intentions, but is of weak iman (trust).

Subtleties in meanings such as this are often the cause of much misunderstanding and confusion for the English reader.

Shaykh Fadhlalla explores many such words in this surah giving the listener a much fuller and richer understanding and insight.

[The audio starts at about the 13-second mark]