Commentary on Surah Al Rahman
Shaykh Fadhlalla Haeri
Shaykh Fadhlalla explains how Surah al-rahman is more or less divided according to its meanings into three sections and how through these meanings this Surah compliments, completes and echoes the totality of the message of the Qur'an.
The first section describes Allah's absolute majesty and how it is by Allah's mercy that existence has come about.
The next talks about dualities and the flimsiness or unreliability of this world and the last section deals with the eternal hereafter.
A key element of this Surah is expounded by the metaphor of the "two seas" that meet but how one does not overcome the other.
Shaykh explains that these two seas refer in inner meaning to the seen and the unseen within each of us – representing on one hand, our bounded limited earthliness and on the other the boundless eternal heavenliness of the soul. Both entities exist within us and if you deny one you will be denied the other.